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Prediabetes – All You Need to Know

prediabetes

What is Prediabetes?

So to speak prediabetes is the last exit before type-2 diabetes which is a serious health condition there is no cure for. What we should know is prediabetes is a serious health condition, just like diabetes.

If you have a higher blood sugar level than it should be, it is called prediabetes. The reason why prediabetes isn’t categorised as diabetes is even though blood sugar level is higher than normal, it is not high enough to be considered diabetes.

What is an uplifting piece of information about this disease is you don’t have to be a victim. Because, if you are diagnosed with prediabetes there are certain ways to prevent ( or at least delay ) this disease from progressing and turning into Type-2 diabetes.

In today’s world, prediabetes is a common health problem. It is estimated that approximately 90 million American adults have prediabetes and only a small percentage of them know they have prediabetes.

Rather than the prevalence of prediabetes in the world, what is concerning is people don’t know about their condition, therefore, they don’t take the necessary precautions to prevent it from progressing to type-2 diabetes.

Doctors highlight the fact that prediabetes can cause serious health problems even before turning into type-2 diabetes.  Heart disease, stroke, eye problems to name but a few.

 

Symptoms


The reason why the majority of people with prediabetes around the world continue living their lives without noticing any sign related to prediabetes is because this disease almost causes no sign.

Nevertheless, according to Mayo Clinic; the one possible sign of prediabetes is darkened skin patches that appear usually on the neck, armpits, elbows, groin or knees.

Since there is no sign of prediabetes, the only way to discover the existence of the disease is to get your blood sugar tested. Especially, if you have the risk factors – which we touched upon in detail below – it is important to talk to your physician about the possibility of you having pre-diabetes.

As mentioned, many people with prediabetes continue their lives without experiencing any sign of prediabetes. But there will be symptoms when the transition from prediabetes to type-2 diabetes finished. If your prediabetes turned into type-2 diabetes you may experience;

• Frequent Urination
° Excessive thirst
• Extreme Hunger
° Blurry Vision
• Extreme Fatigue

 

Risk Factors


It is a wise decision to get your blood sugar tested once in a year. However, it is vitally important to get your blood sugar tested if you have the below-given risk factors. These risk factors increase the risk of developing both prediabetes and diabetes.

 

Risk Factors :

• Family History ( having a family member who has diabetes)
º Being obese or overweight
• Being older than 45
º Having a sedentary lifestyle
• Eating unhealthy diet
º Being; African America, Hispanic, Native American, Asian American
•  Having Sleep Apnea
º Using Tobacco
• High Blood Pressure ( above 140/90 mm Hg).
º High Cholesterol Level

• Gestational diabetes ( diabetes occur during pregnancy ) or giving birth to a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds

º Polycystic ovary Syndrome

 

Causes of Prediabetes


In fact, no one knows the exact cause of prediabetes. However, certain factors such as family history and genetics are thought by scientists to cause this disease.

To get to the root of the problem, it is important to know the roles of glucose, insulin, cells and pancreas. The human body meets its energy need mostly via foods. After foods digested, is sent to the bloodstream. In order for the body to use this sugar as energy, sugar needs to enter the cells.

Insulin, which is produced by the pancreas, is the key that allows sugar, taken via foods, to enter the cells. If you have pre-diabetes that means this process doesn’t work well.

This is either pancreas doesn’t produce enough insulin or the cells show resistance to the produced insulin. As a result of this malfunction, sugar can’t enter cells, consequently, accumulates in the bloodstream.

When this accumulation is high that means you have pre-diabetes. But, if the sugar level in the blood is too high that indicates you have diabetes.

As a consequence of glucose (sugar) accumulation in your bloodstream, you can experience heart disease, stroke, eye problems and other serious health conditions.

 

Treatment


What is saddening is despite the advancement in technology and medicine, there is no cure for any type of diabetes. Therefore, individuals with diabetes have to maintain their lives with certain treatment methods such as exercising, daily insulin injection or following a healthy diet.

On the other hand, the uplifting news is that if you have pre-diabetes you can lower your blood sugar with certain precautions, thereby, avoiding the risk of developing type-2 diabetes.

However, It is vital to address your prediabetes issue before it progresses to type-2 diabetes, a point of no return.

According to experts, there is a huge chance that individuals can reduce blood sugar, thus avoid diabetes even without using medications.

According to American Heart Association; you can live healthier without the threat of diabetes complications in your life with some lifestyle modification.

Followings are the prevention methods that can prevent your pre-diabetes from turning into type-2 diabetes.

– Eating a healthy diet

– Doing Regular exercise ( 150 minutes a week )

– Losing weight if you are overweight

– Quitting cigarette

– Taking great care of your cholesterol and blood pressure