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Dandruff : Causes and Solutions



To begin with, it is safe to say that dandruff is a prevalent skin problem. According to data; nearly 50 per cent of the entire adult population worldwide has this skin problem.

As most of us know this skin condition mainly affects the scalp by producing flakes. From time to time, individuals can experience an itching sensation along with these flakes. 

In general, dandruff is not categorised as a medical problem. And, we should remind ourselves that dandruff is not a contagious disease. However, it can be disturbing and embarrassing from an aesthetical perspective.

Even though this skin problem seems a simple issue, it might be strong enough to affect a person’s self-confidence in a negative way. 

According to the stats; men are more susceptible to dandruff relative to women. And, this susceptibility is attributed to male hormones. 

Essentially, no one knows exactly what causes dandruff. Yet, there are some factors that are thought to pave the way for dandruff formation on the scalp. However, contrary to common belief, dandruff doesn’t occur a result of poor hygiene. 

Let’s touch upon dandruff-causing factors


The Main Causes of Dandruff

Seborrheic Dermatitis

 Seborrheic Dermatitis is a common skin condition that can cause dandruff. It somewhat resembles eczema, therefore, is sometimes called scalp eczema. As well as other oily areas of the body, this condition affects the scalp and brings about dandruff.



Malassezia is a genus of fungi and is naturally found in nearly everyone’s skin. Normally, this genus of fungi doesn’t cause harm. However, some of us can have a large quantity of this fungus. And yet, the overpopulation of this microbe on the scalp can cause oleic acid formation which is one of the reasons for dandruff.


Dry skin 

Dry skin ( or more related to our topic ) and dry scalp are some of the main reasons for dandruff.

Therefore, especially in the seasons of winter and autumn people can observe more dandruff formation on their heads and shoulders. 


Irregular Hair Wash

When we neglect to wash our hair then dead skin cell accumulation takes place on the surface of the scalp. As a consequence of these accumulated skin cells white flakes occur. As mentioned above, the dandruff occurrence has nothing to do with personal hygiene. However, shampooing the scalp on a regular basis, for instance, every second day will prevent the problem from getting worse. 



It must be odd to hear the relation between this skin condition and stress. However, stress can cause dandruff in a roundabout way.

Anymore, most of us know that long exposure to stress brings about many diseases. One of the stress’s negative impacts on the body is to impair the human immune system. 

When the stress weakens the immune system, the microbes get the opportunity to proliferate on the skin. This situation sets off dandruff formation.

For this reason, it would really help if we could reduce the stress level to avoid stress-related problems including white flakes on the scalp. 


Ways to Getting Rid of Dandruff


Coconut oil :

Most of us must have heard about the hair and skin benefits of coconut oil. Another problem this miracle oil dares to solve is dandruff.

The potential antimicrobial feature of coconut oil fights against the factors that cause dandruff formation. For this reason, coconut oil can become a godsend material against this embarrassing skin problem.  


Tea tree oil:

This amazing oil has been used to cure many skin diseases from acne to psoriasis since ancient times. Additionally, tea tree oil can fight against dandruff symptoms thanks to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory features.

Above, we have mentioned that there is a couple of bacteria and microbes that live in human skin. According to a study; tea tree oil is quite effective in restraining these microorganisms’ development on the skin.

However, this oil can irritate the skin if you have a fragile skin feature. Talking to your dermatologist/doctor as to this use of oil would be plausible.


Aloe vera :

Aloe vera, just like tea tree oil, contains anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory, which are quite effective against dandruff. Thereby, it will be beneficial whilst fighting against this scalp problem. The extra advantage of aloe vera is that it may reduce the itchiness in the hair. However, it would be misleading to say that aloe vera is the exact cure for skin( scalp ) problems. But, in too many studies, aloe vera is suggested to treat the symptoms as well as reduce dandruff formation on the scalp. 


Probiotics :

Based on the studies, probiotic intake decreases the number of flakes in hair. Even though it is not 100 per cent the remedy for this problem, it certainly decreases dandruff formation by improving the immune system. 

A strong and ready-to-fight immune system can suppress the development of dandruff-causing bacteria. Therefore, probiotic intake is important for both general and scalp health.  


Omega-3 Fatty acids :

Omega-3 fatty acids play a crucial role when it comes to moisturizing the skin. Omega 3 helps the skin to produce oil. In the case of omega 3 deficiency in the body, a person may encounter some problems such as dry hair, and dry skin. And related to these conditions dandruff can occur on the scalp.

In light of this information, consuming fish, through which you can get omega 3, can be important if you are eager to get rid of this scalp problem.