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Blackheads – What Causes Them ?



When we look at the mirror first thing in the morning, we see our nose, eyes, teeth, mouth, and hair – shortly – we see our face. Our face is also the part that people look at first. For this reason, every one of us wants to ( righteously so) have a good appearance. However, there are some skin problems that may damage our facial appearances, such as acne, blackheads, and pimples.

In this article, we will be touching upon the main reasons and factors that bring about blackheads on the skin.



In fact, blackheads, which are a type of acne, are harmless bumps on the skin. However, due to the undeniable importance of our facial appearance especially in this modern world, people with blackheads on their faces want to understand the causes of blackheads and also want to learn the ways to get rid of them.

Technically, blackheads occur on the surface of the face (skin) when the pores are occluded. These pores can be plugged with dead skin cells, bacteria or excessive sebum which is an essential skin oil that moisturises and protects the skin. 

When these dead skin cells, bacteria or the sebum in the pores are oxidised, they turn black and appear on the surface of the skin. Essentially, only the tip of these bumps looks black thanks to the oxidation.

Blackhead is a common skin problem and may affect every one of us. In addition to that, some of us have a different type of skin structure that produce more sebum ( the oil in the skin). As such, people with oily skin are more susceptible to these black spots.

One must be forgiven to think that blackheads affect only the face, especially T-zone. Notwithstanding that; arms, chest, neck and back are other parts where blackheads may emerge.

So, being aware of the factors that set off blackheads formation on the surface of the skin appears as the first step to getting rid of them.


The Main Factors of Blackheads

To begin with, highlighting some false facts about blackheads would be a wise start. For instance, people tend to think; skin problems such as acne, and blackheads happen due to the dirt on the skin. In fact, dirt has nothing to do with blackheads formation, even if regular skin care plays an important role in maintaining skin health.

In addition to that, there is no research that suggests; stress or diet results in blackheads on the surface of the skin.

Oily Skin 

As mentioned above; people, who have oily skin are more likely to see blackheads on their skin. Just because, sebum is the necessary skin oil and also keeps the skin soft and moisturised, is one of the main reasons for blackheads formation. 

When excess sebum is stuck in the pores, it generates small pumps. Afterwards, the tip of these small pumps turns black. Notwithstanding, people with dry skin too can develop blackheads.

Hormonal changes, the environment we live in, genetics, age and seasons are the main factors that increase the amount of oil in the skin.


Neglected Skincare 

Considering that most of us live in modern cities where we are unavoidably exposed to many air pollutants such as factories and exhaust fumes, there is a huge chance that our skin gets dirty during the day. In addition to that, especially women use many cosmetics & beauty products some of which contain harmful chemicals. 

Taking into account all of these factors, it is sensible to maintain regular skincare to inhibit blackhead formation on the skin. Let’s not forget, that even though dirty skin is not a direct cause of blackheads, it can facilitate blackhead development.


Dry Skin

We should not always be complaining about having oily skin thinking that oily skin sets the stage for blackheads. Because, having dry skin — even though it seems illogical — can also increase the number of blackheads in specific parts of the body. 

Many people with dry skin, particularly in the winter season, must use skin moisturising creams to prevent skin cracks. Using these types of products several times during the day may increase the chances of seeing blackheads on the skin. 

Moreover, when a person with dry skin neglects daily fluid intake, dehydration takes place. Hence, the skin produces too much skin oil to protect itself against cracks and wounds. And, when this reaction happens, this excess oil can be stuck in the pores, thereby, setting off blackheads and also acne formation. 


Sun Exposure

Almost each of us must be loving the walking on a warm and sunny day. In addition to that, it is an undeniable fact that we need sunlight to produce vitamin D.

Despite all, unprotected regular sun exposure causes many diseases worst of which is skin cancer. Luckily, there are melanin pigments that protect the skin against the sun’s UV rays. 

However, when we burn our skin, the body reacts and increases melanin production to protect the skin. This being the case, high melanin level paves the way for blackheads on the surface of the skin. Therefore, it is good to protect the skin against the sun UV rays 4-season with suitable sunscreens.